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Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy

Volume 72, 2018

Social Philosophy

Byung-Hoon Suh
Pages 145-152

Populism and Populistic Democracy

Unlike traditional views on populism, some influential theorists like Margaret Canovan have argued that populism must be regarded as a “shadow” which follows democracy’s inherent weakness or deficit. Benjamin Arditi agrees with Canovan, but he stresses the need to take a closer look at the distance or conflict between democracy and populism. According to him, populism is nothing but a “periphery” located inside democracy and has a good chance to enter into conflict with the latter. This paper attempts to articulate further Arditi’s thesis by focusing on populists’ un-and anti-democratic political behavior. The paper will conclude that populism must be differentiated from the equality- and participation-oriented populistic democracy.

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