Volume 72, 2018
Matrix Effect in Social-Philosophical Researches
The paper is devoted to examining the analytic tools for under-standing sociocultural processes. To analyze the influence of the social and cultural environment on some fixed economic, administrative, state building, educational, informational and communicative processes the notion of the matrix effect is introduced in the paper. For this purpose the author addresses the phenomenon of historical pseudomorphoses mentioned by O. Spengler in his 2nd volume of Decline of the West. She considers that this metaphor is very useful for understanding societal processes. The matrix effect is understood as a similar phenomenon to “imprinting”, when the well-known political, civil, economic, educational and other institutions under the influence of a form introduced from outside obtain a certain form. Some examples of matrix in the humanities, certifying its sociocultural context are analyzed. Among them are: V. Andrushchenko’s “pedagogical matrix”; P. H. Collins’s “matrix of domination”; P. Bourdieu’s theory of stucturation, and the concept of habitus as the key methodological instruments for social-philosophical understanding of the notion “matrix”. Based on this approach the sociocultural matrix is understood in this paper as a pattern of social identity of a group of people included in the system of relationships and interaction of social institutions that allow them to orient themselves spontaneously in the society. Three types of the matrix effect (the family pattern, the ship pattern, and the sport pattern) were depicted as they represent the most common patterns of social organization. The author finds the matrix influence to be deep and variable. The main mass types of social imagination and cognition, dominant behaviors, and principles of administrative institution construction come into view. The socialization process, the daily experience transmission, the adoption and assimilation process of other cultural values take place with the help of the matrix; the necessary stereotype recreates, propagates and popularizes. The methodological possibilities of the specific matrix mode of social philosophy research are examined in the paper. The author reveals that, first, the processual aspect of things, rather than the static one, is emphasized. In the given case a state, church, political parties, etc. are represented mainly in the process of arising and reproducing, but not as static organizations. Secondly, the matrix is perceived not only as a form, but also as the main type, a pattern of a certain kind of mass activity. The matrix is the symbol of existing institutions on an individual daily level. The above-mentioned patterns as matrixes are the algorithms of the order of interconnection in the society. Such a setting problem opens the possibilities of integration of sociological theorizing on micro and macro levels. Thirdly, the matrix effect can be used for describing multidimensional schemes. This utilization is another peculiarity of their examination, because such analysis is based on the advantages of correlative mechanisms, but not on genetic and causal ones.