Volume 47, 2018
Philosophy of Culture
Мировоззренческие универсалии культуры как основания гуманитарного знания
The world-view universals are the categories which accumulate the social experience obtained during the historical development, they enable man of a particular culture to value, comprehend and perceive the outer world. We can distinguish the world-view universals formed on the basis of 1) the subject-and-object relations which lead to creating such philosophical categories as “space”, “time”, “chance”, “necessity”, “measure” etc.; 2) the intersubjective cooperation and the interaction between man and society which generate such notions as “man”, society”, “good”, “evil”, “beauty”, “duty”, “justice”, “liberty” etc. The peculiarity of the world-view universals is determined by the fact that they have both an abstract general meaning which is invariant in different cultures and some specific meanings which correspond to the national and ethnic differences of the definite cultures. All this influences on the forming of the humanities.