Volume 35, 2018
Philosophical Traditions in Latin America
Christian David Pizarro Moncada
Wiracocha: el demiurgo de la tierra, aire, fuego y agua
Five hundred years after the imposition of occidental philosophy in the “New World”, Augusto Salazar Bondy stated that philosophy was imported with the purpose of domination, hence Latin American philosophy is the story of the footprints of Occidental Philosophy in Latin America, and thus, it is neither authentic nor original. These statements induced Leopoldo Zea’s response, who declared that questioning the likelihood of being able to philosophize involves the idea of being different from other human beings. Since “logos” (reasoning) is what defines human beings, questioning the existence of an original and authentic philosophy involves questioning the ability of Latin American people to access it. In Peru, creoles inherited power when independence occurred, keeping the colonial structure. Consequently, a part of Peru is waiting for the return of the god of the sceptre - “Apo Con Ticsi Huiracocha Pacha Yachachic”- Lord order of earth, air, fire, and water. In this sense, Andean civilization, in a similar way to Greek civilization, reached the abstract elements, strengths, demiurges, and the idea of cyclic and ordered transformation of the material instead of “creatio ex nihilo” as the Presocratic philosophers once did.