Volume 34, 2018
Philosophical Traditions in Europe
Annales School in the Context of European Philosophical-methodological Traditions
This paper analyzes the methodological foundations of the An-nales School in the context of the European tradition of philosophizing. This school could appear only in the European philosophical tradition, that is, in such intellectual atmosphere, where the following topics were discussed: the autonomy of the cultural sciences (Rickert), the role of speech as a sign of the message (Dilthey, Heidegger, Shpet), the problem of meaning and the act of understanding and comprehension of the meaning (Brentano, Husserl), the problem of psychologism in human cognition (Bergson Husserl, etc.), etc. Although it is quite difficult to define the direct influence of philosophical tradition in the methodology of the Annales School, yet it is possible to reconstruct some certain intellectual consonance with the philosophical problems mentioned above.