Volume 34, 2018
Philosophical Traditions in Europe
«Жизнь в языке» Романа Якобсона и эпистемологический потенциал его идеи структуры
This paper focuses on the concept of Roman Jakobson, which determined in many ways the formation of structural methods in linguistics and other humanities of the twentieth century. Experience of his various “life in language” is rich in epistemological meanings, some of which are not re-vealed yet. Thus, Jakobson’s understanding of the structure appears today as the resource for actual epistemological ideas of unreductionistic type. Histori-ans of science sometimes tend to see in the idea of the “whole”, often accompanying the idea of the structure in Jakobson’s theory (this applies especially to his early works, which are devoted to the ideas of “Russian science” or “Eurasian” linguistics), an ontological relic of the romantic ideology. But here there is some positive heuristic, its own approach to the conceptualization of intuitions that give meaning and direction to any research. Jacobson never imagined the structure as static and formal, but always took into account the history, meaning, that is, taking it as an “open structure”. In this it differs from the more analytic and more reductive interpretations of the structure in science and philosophy of the twentieth century. This peculiarity of Jakobson’s approach (“Russian” and “East-European”) is getting more and more evident and perceived as more productive in the modern cognitive interactions between national epistemological traditions.