Volume 2, Issue 1, 2018
Ancient Greek Philosophy: Pre-Socratic Philosophy
A New Approach to the Parmenides’ Revelation
The Route of Truth - the Riddle Resolved
The author wishes to show that in Parmenides’ approach, the Aristotelian division of being and the truth still do not exist: being as presence or an object in general, individual or universal, material or mental, and the truth as the value of the judgment, because for the Eleatic word ‘to eon’ only means the truth. This word is the name of the truth as a transcendent nature (resp. essence) in general. In his poem Parmenides, for whom the truth is the only Being, praises and describes the existence of the truth (identified with what truly is or with pure being par excellence) in opposition to the multitude of opinions (appearances of the truth and being). Parmenides’ poem is the testimony and account of experience (of existence) of the truth as Being itself, and the experience of its normative force as transcendent nature. This Parmenidean ‘aletheism’ allows us to understand how Plato’s theory of eternal truths ever appeared (ideas, or forms as norms and paradigms of nature, cognition and action), as well as the importance of Parmenides himself for Neo-platonism.