Volume 1, 2018
Aesthetics and Philosophies of Art
Landscape Interpretation Through Schematism
Schematism as a Theory Concept and its Correlation to Landscape Aesthetics and Landscape Design
The essay presented attempts to correlate aesthetical validation and design of landscape with the broader theoretical scope of modern Western societies, having as initial period of reference that of the 18th century. By that time representations and formations concerning landscape had already been organized in the European developed societies, offering to philosophical inquiry a corpus of perceptional references. At the same time the theoretical proposal of Schematism had been formed, indicating the terms of mental control over external reality. The evolution of the initial concept of Schematism through subsequent periods indicates similar transformations of control conditions exerted on natural reality; the latter, having to do either with mental or material constructions, as in the case of concepts, representations and formations concerning landscape. The transition from static Euclidean Schematization to algebraic description or to Schematization concerning transformation terms, such as those described by topological or parametric approaches, can be respectively traced in changes that appeared at the same time in landscape concepts and in design. More extensively they can be seen as equivalent to changes related to the overall interpretation of the environment, both natural and man-made and by modern and contemporary culture in general.