Proceedings of the XXII World Congress of Philosophy

Volume 16, 2008

Modern Philosophy

Soon Jeon Kang
Pages 411-420

경험주의적 현실성과 합리주의적 현실성 칸트와 헤겔의 경우

What is actual being? The empiricist answers that only what is given to sensation is actual. The rationalist answers that the given to sensation is not actual being but the reasonable connection of the world is a genuine actuality. Kant shows his commitment to empiricism by arguing that only the given to sensation exists. Sensation as an ultimate criterion for actuality is the base of Kant’s critique of the traditional metaphysics. If sensation is proved to be problematic as a criterion for actuality, Kant’s empirical critique of the traditional metaphysics is undermined. This paper will show that in criticizing Kant’s critique of the traditional metaphysics, we can not do so on the basis of an empirical distinction between dream and actuality. On the basis of Hegel’s explanation of the rational actuality, I will show further that the criterion for distinction between dream and actuality is the reasonable connection of the states of affairs.