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Proceedings of the XXII World Congress of Philosophy

Volume 11, 2008

Human Rights

Zhen-Rong Gan
Pages 149-154
DOI: 10.5840/wcp22200811963

The Political Pluralistic Conception of Human Right

There is a discrepancy between human rights theories and the contemporarily international human rights practice. The discrepancy is not only generated by the expectable distance between the ideal and the real world, but also generated by the consequence which the orthodox conception of human rights theories cannot proper account for the role of human rights in the contemporarily international relations. Furthermore, the orthodox conception cannot be compatible with political pluralism; for it often justify the ground of human rights with human dignity and presuppose the independence and the autonomy of persons. I propose that the orthodox conception fails to supply two good reasons for dispelling the doubt on the western cultural imperialism---one is human rights may be accepted by the different cultures and moral codes with the method of overlapping consensus; the other is the orthodox conception does not prefer to liberal values. Instead of the orthodox conception, I suggest that we have to justify the ground of human rights according to the political pluralistic conception if we hope human rights can be universalized in the world. The political pluralistic conception will not only avoid the doubt on the western cultural imperialism, but also consist with the role of human rights in the contemporarily international relations.

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