Volume 9, 2008
Wang Yang-ming’s philosophy of mind brings about some abuses with its spread, such as despising moral cultivation and upholding mysteries, which cause the school to be degenerated in the later Ming dynasty. Some scholars, who are worried about the situation, starting from the abuses, retrospect and rectify the theoretical defects in the doctrine of Wang Yang-ming and his disciples. The article reviews the rectifying movement of Wang’s school during the later Ming
dynasty and the early Qing dynasty, and reflects the relation between personality emancipation and moral rational spirit, hsin-hsing (mind-nature) and social achievements.