Proceedings of the XXII World Congress of Philosophy

Volume 4, 2008

Approaches to Philosophy

Hugh P. McDonald
Pages 75-83

Can Environmental Ethics Become a First Philosophy?

I briefly discuss first philosophy (metaphysics), including different “paradigms’ of first philosophy in the history of Western philosophy. I then discuss the rise of environmental ethics as a new field of philosophy and the debate over anthropocentric and non-anthropocentric values. I suggest that ecocentric value theories could constitute a new first philosophy using the “paradigm” of value in first philosophy and why they should constitute a first philosophy.