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Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia

Volume 36, Issue 3, September 2021

Bruno BorgeOrcid-ID, Nicolás Lo GuercioOrcid-ID
Pages 375-398

Learning from Scientific Disagreement

The article addresses the question of how should scientific peers revise their beliefs (if at all) upon recognized disagreement. After presenting the basics of peer disagreement in sections 1 and 2, we focus, in section 3, on a concrete case of scientific disagreement, to wit, the dispute over the evidential status of randomized control trials in medical practice. The examination of this case motivates the idea that some scientific disagreements permit a steadfast reaction. In section 4, we support this conclusion by providing a normative argument in the same direction; if we are correct, typical reasons for conciliation are absent in this kind of scientific disagreements.