Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia

Volume 36, Issue 2, May 2021

Timm LampertOrcid-ID
Pages 261-283

Newton’s experimental proofs

Newton claims that his theorems in the Opticks are derived from experiments alone. The paper explains this dictum by relating Newton’s proof method to an iconic conception of proof as opposed to a symbolic one. Theorems are not derived from hypotheses; instead properties of light are identified by experimental properties based on rules of inductive reasoning.