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Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia

Volume 35, Issue 2, May 2020

Laura Marcon, Pedro Francés-Gómez, Marco Faillo
Pages 217-233

Does impartial reasoning matter in economic decisions?
An experimental result about distributive (un)fairness in a production context

The Rawlsian veil of ignorance should induce agents to behave fairly in a distributive context. This work tried to re-propose, through a dictator game with giving and taking options, a sort of original position in which reasoning behind the veil should have constituted a moral cue for subjects involved in the distribution of a common output with unequal means of production. However, our experimental context would unwittingly recall more the Hobbesian state of nature than the Rawlsian original position, showing that the heuristic resource to the Rawlsian idea of a choice behind the veil is inefficacious in distributive contexts.