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Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia

Volume 11, Issue 2, Mayo 1996

Jesus Ezquerro, Mauricio Iza
Pages 125-145

Knowledge Representation, Reflexive Reasoning and Discourse Processing

Classical approaches such as frames, scripts,... have been unable to deal with the kind of inferences necessary in natural language processing situations such as text comprehension. Shastri & Ajjanagadde (1993), proposed a local connectionist model for the sort of reasoning requiring such a fast inference. The problem with this system is that it controls only the adequacy of argument- fillers, leaving untouched the activation control issue, namely, why we perform certain inferences, and not others, in a given situation. The aim of this paper is to examine how a focus, in the sense of Grosz (1981). could operate as a theoretic constraint with the above reasoner system to handle two aspects: inference control and anaphora resolution (i.e., antecedent activation), during text understanding.

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