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Stance: An International Undergraduate Philosophy Journal

Volume 8, April 2015

Richard R. Eva
Pages 65-70

Multilateral Retributivism
Justifying Change

In this paper I argue for a theory of punishment I call Multilateral Retributivism. Typically retributive notions of justice are unilateral: focused on one person’s desert. I argue that our notions of desert are multilateral: multiple people are owed when a moral crime is committed. I argue that the purpose of punishment is communication with the end-goal of reconciling the offender to society. This leads me to conclude that the death penalty and life without parole are unjustified because they necessarily cut communication short.

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