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Schutzian Research

Volume 6, 2014

Rosana Déborah Motta, Lionel Lewkow
Pages 123-137
DOI: 10.5840/schutz201469

Alfred Schutz y Niklas Luhmann: semánticas, tipos, mundo de la vida e intersubjetividad

Our aim is to put into consideration the topics of “semantics”, “types”, “lifeworld” and “intersubjectivity” following the social theories of Alfred Schutz and Niklas Luhmann. First of all, and inversely to Luhmann’s perspective which receives the schutzian theory comparing equal types and semantics, we will show that types are inherent to subjectivity. Secondly, and consequently, we state that the social systems theory in the analysis of the “lifeworld”, does not pay attention to the past character of its constitution. Last, but not least, we will point out that all these aspects are framed in a critique of the phenomenological notion of intersubjectivity, which from the luhmannian point of view, ignores the autonomy of consciousness, as well as the emergent character of the social.