Volume 4, 2012
Two Concepts of Type in the Work of Alfred Schutz
Schutz not only adapted Max Weber’s “ideal types” but also Edmund Husserl’s prepredicative “types,” which must have been “empirical types,” in his
work. With care, these terms can be kept distinct. The former term refers to concepts used in common-sense thinking as well as cultural science, while the latter
refers to vague material universals or eidē. This essay studies how “type” is used in these two different ways by Schutz after he had read Husserl’s Erfahrung und
Urteil by 1940.