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Res Philosophica

Volume 91, Issue 3, July 2014

Miroslav Hanke
Pages 367-386
DOI: 10.11612/resphil.2014.91.3.7

Semantic Paradox
A Comparative Analysis of Scholastic and Analytic Views

Scholastic and analytic definitions of semantic paradoxes, in terms of groundlessness, circularity, and semantic pathology, are introduced and compared with each other. The fundamental intuitions used in these definitions are the concepts of being true about extralinguistic reality, of making statements about one’s self, and of compatibility with an underlying semantic theory. The three approaches—the groundlessness view, the circularity view, and the semantic pathology view—are shown to differ not only conceptually, but also in their applications. As both a means for showing these differences and as an adequacytest, the so-called two-line puzzles are used, which allows one to address the possibility of making non-paradoxical statements about paradoxical sentences within the same language.

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