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Res Philosophica

Volume 90, Issue 2, April 2013

Epistemology

Robert Audi
Pages 127-145
DOI: 10.11612/resphil.2013.90.2.2

Knowledge, Justification, and the Normativity of Epistemology

Epistemology is sometimes said to be a normative discipline, but what this characterization means is often left unclear. This paper distinguishes two kinds of normativity and thereby provides a new way of understanding attributions of normativity. Associated with this distinction are two kinds of epistemological reflection. These are shown to be parallel to two kinds of ethical reflection. In the light of what emerges in showing these points, the paper clarifies the requirements for naturalizing epistemology, the place normativity might have, given certain kinds of naturalization, and the sense in which knowledge and justification may be viewed as normative.