Raven: A Journal of Vexillology

Volume 23, 2016

Forrest D. Pass
Pages 81-105

“A ‘Red Rag’ to an Infuriated Bull”
American Flags, Canadian Vexilloclasts, and the Origins of Canadian Flag Culture, 1880–1930

Focusing on the period from 1880 to 1930, this paper examines some sixty American “flag incidents” where Canadian “vexilloclasts” strongly—sometimes violently—objected to displays of American flags in Canada and, at the same time, strengthened the development of Canadian flag culture in the form of the Union Jack and the Canadian Red Ensign.