Raven: A Journal of Vexillology

Volume 21, 2014

Steven A. Knowlton
Pages 71-94

Contested Symbolism in the Flags of New World Slave Risings

Covering a little-known subject, this article catalogues the use of flags within slave uprisings in the New World in the nineteenth century. The author demonstrates how the slave banners were typically modelled on the flags of their former masters but also often incorporated African symbols in an attempt to indicate physical freedom as well as the attempt to signal the former slave groups’ equality with their former oppressors.