Raven: A Journal of Vexillology

Volume 14, 2007

Gustavo Tracchia
Pages 85-104

Flags, Medals, and Decorations

Phaleristics—the study of medals—provides an opportunity to explore the rich connections between medals and heraldry and flags. This article begins with the Crusades and traces many examples of flags whose colors, designs, or symbols ultimately derive from or influence the medals awarded by orders of knighthood and merit, and civil and military decorations.