Raven: A Journal of Vexillology

Volume 13, 2006

David B. Martucci
Pages 1-40

Flag and Symbol Usage in Early New England

All European powers that explored and claimed territory in New England used flags; the English colonists transplanted extensive flag traditions to the New World. The varying use of militia flags, the excision and restoration of the “idolatrous cross”, and the evolution of the Pine Tree flag provide compelling chapters in colonial history.