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Process Studies

Volume 48, Issue 1, Spring/Summer 2019

Rem B. Edwards
Pages 19-39
DOI: 10.5840/process20194813

Conflicting Process Theodicies

This article examines the process theodicies of David Ray Griffin and Philip Clayton. It explains their differences on such issues as God’s primordial power and voluntary self-limitation, creativity as an independent metaphysical principle that limits God, creation out of nothing or out of chaos, and God’s voluntary causal naturalism. Difficulties with their positions are discussed. The Clayton-Knapp “no-not-once” principle is explained, and a more comprehensive theodicy is outlined.

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