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Polish Journal of Philosophy

Volume 1, Issue 2, Fall 2007

Thomas Nys
Pages 99-117
DOI: 10.5840/pjphil2007127

Full of Hope and Fear
The Liberalism of Isaiah Berlin Revisited

In this paper I argue that Isaiah Berlin’s theory of freedom should not be interpreted in a reductive sense. The distinction between negative and positive freedom, as different concepts and possibly conflicting values, truly holds (thereby excluding reductive interpretations that claim there is only one concept of freedom). Moreover, Berlin’s theory as a whole leaves room for both a comprehensive liberalism which advocates autonomy, critical reflection and personal judgement, as well as a liberalism of fear which defends a minimal level of decency and modesty aims at a modus vivendi. I think Berlin’s liberalism is one of hope and fear.

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