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Philosophy and Theology

Volume 5, Issue 2, Winter 1990

Raja Bahlul
Pages 137-150

Miracles and Ghazali’s First Theory of Causation

In the 17th Discussion of his Tahafut al-Falasifah (“Incoherence of the Philosophers”), Ghazali presents two theories of causation which, he claims, accommodate belief in the possibility of miracles. The first of these, which is usually taken to represent Ghazali’s own position, is a form of occasionalism. In this paper I argue that Ghazali fails to prove that this theory is compatible with belief in the possibility of miracles.

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