Philosophica: International Journal for the History of Philosophy

Volume 15, Issue 30, November 2007

Filosofia e Espaço Público

João Lopes Alves
Pages 27-60

Da Guerra e Paz Como Questão Filosófica (Rousseau, Kant, Hegel)

1. Rousseau versus Hobbes’ System regarding the opposition between ‘State of Nature’ and ‘Civil State’. 2. War as a consequence of the ‘Civil State’, as well as, according to Rousseau, a kind of conflict between States. 3. War and Despotism in Rousseau’s Thought. 4. The rousseaunian distinction between “Guerre” and “État de Guerre”. 5. The War’s inevitability in a sovereign entities’ context, from the different points of view both of Rousseau and of Hegel. 6. The kantian rational Imperative of Peace 7. The Perpetual Peace as a progressive historical achievement. 8. Republican State, Citizenship and Peace according to Kant. 9. The defensive Federalism from the “Zum ewigen Frieden” and a Universal Association of States as hopeful prospects for Peace. 10. The Cosmopolitan Law. 11. The Hegelian view of War as a rational procedure to settle critical conflicts between States. 12. War as civic virtue training, according to Hegel, as well as to Kant. 13. The military “professionalism of courage” and the constraints of rational Wars conduct, according to Hegel. 14. The advanced military technology as a factor to make the War irrational. 15. Kant’s coming back.