Volume 3, Issue Part 2, 2007
Selected Essays from Euro-Mediterranean Area Part 2
De la phénoménologie à l’ethnométhodologie
variétés d’ontologie sociale chez Husserl, Schütz et Garfinkel
This article tries to distinguish several types of “social ontology,” i.e., several types of answers to the question of the essence of social reality. As phenomenology and the social sciences are both concerned with this problem, it seems interesting to follow the historical sequence that links Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology, Schutz’s theory of the lifeworld, and Garfinkel’s ethnomethodology. These theories help to identify or to illustrate tree types of social ontology: philosophical ontology, common and ordinary knowledge ontology, and sociological ontology.