Dialogue and Universalism

Volume 21, Issue 1, 2011

Studies of Civilizations

Norman C. Rothman
Pages 145-156

Islam as a Multi-Faceted Phenomenon in Culture
The Case of Indonesia

Indonesia has received Islam over the past millennium During this period, Islam has intermingled in varying degrees with Buddhism, Hinduism, and indigenous animism in different parts of the archipelago. Consequently, beliefs and practices diverge. Nevertheless, Islam has an overwhelming if diverse presence in Indonesia. The paper will examine the resultant diverse versions of Islam that currently coexist in Indonesia. These versions are the modernist, traditional, devotional, and syncretic aspects of Islam. Each version will be analyzed in terms of both differences and similarities.

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