Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology

Volume 11, Issue 2, 2014

Thorsten Botz-Bornstein
Pages 183-198

Believers and Secularists: “Postmodernism,” Relativism, and Fake Reasoning

In spite of the long tradition of coexistence, and in spite of the emergence of some kind of “postmodern relativism,” the positions of believers and secularist remain very distinct. What is it more precisely that distinguishes secularists from believers? In this article I explore the topics of “postmodernism” and relativism in order to establish parallels and differences. In particular, I compare two critiques of “western” relativism, one formulated by Muslim scholar Ziauddin Sardar and the other by the American philosopher Allan Bloom who criticizes relativism as a belief.