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Roczniki Filozoficzne

Volume 13, Issue 1, 1965

Eugeniusz Wojtacha
Pages 5-12

Aristotelian Schools in the Patristical Period

(Announcement of the dissertation, ready for the press, on „Lines of Patristic Controversies on the Person”, read at a session of the Philosophical Section of the Society of the Catholic University of Lublin). In the patristic period there arose two great philosophic schools: the „saecu- iariorum schola” and the „ecclesiasticorum schola”. The „saeculariorum schola”, which considered not only the principles of aristo- telian philosophy but also the aristotelian conception of the structure of the substantive individual an absolute truth, gave in the doctrine of St. John of Damascus (its last representative) the following picture of the metaphysical structure of the substantive individual: ύπόταις-μεριχόν { ύπόταις-ὕπαρξις ἐνυπόστατον { συμβεβηϗότα---έτεροϋπόστατα φύσις { μορφή ὄλη πρώτη { αὐτρϋπόστατα In Latin we can express it as follows: individuum substantivum { existentia quidditas { accidentia substantia { forma substantialis materia prima The person is the ύπόταις-μεριχόν „individuum substantivum”, endowed with an intelligent nature; the element constituting the person is the ύπόταις-ὕπαρξις („existentia”). The „ecclesiasticorum schola” which considered only the principles of aristotelian philosophy an absolute truth, gave in the doctrine of Rusticus Diaconus (its last representative) the following picture of the metaphysical structure of a substantive individual: subsistentia-individuum substantivum { natura { accidentia subiecta natura subsistentia-fundamentum Leontius of Byzantium, a predecessor of Rusticus, expressed the idea of the „ecclesiasticorum schola” in the following Greek terms: ύπόστασις-μεριχόν { ένυπόστατον { συμβεβηϗότα---έτεροϋπόστατα φύσις ύπόστασις-ύποχείμενον } αὐτρϋπόστατα The person is the „subsistentia-individuum substantivum”(ύπόστασις-μεριχόν) endowed with an intelligent nature; The element constituting the person is the intelligent „sub- sistentia-fundamentum” (ύπόστασις-ύποχείμενον). The conception of the metaphysical structure of the substantive individual in general, and the discovery of the element constituting the person in particular, as presented by the „ecclesiasticorum schola” have fallen into oblivion.

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