Process Studies

Volume 41, Issue 1, Spring/Summer 2012

Joseph A. Bracken
Pages 64-85

Whiteheadian Societies as Open-Ended Systems and Open-Ended Systems as Whiteheadian Societies

In this essay I defend two interrelated theses. The first is that Whiteheadian structured societies are best understood as open-ended systems akin to those currently being proposed in the natural and social sciences by Stuart Kauff­man, David Sloan Wilson, and Niklas Luhmann. The second is that an open-ended system is best understood in terms of an ongoing interplay of subjectivity and objectivity, which I derive from a modest rethinking of the workings of a Whiteheadian structured society.