published on March 5, 2015
New Religious Movements and New Age in Estonia
The present paper surveys the NRMs and New Spirituality/New Age (NS/NA) that have arrived and/or emerged in Estonia after the collapse on the Soviet Union. During the Soviet period, Estonia became a spiritual center for some of the NRMs operating in the Soviet Union. At the same time, the esoteric and spiritual scene during that period laid foundations for the acceptance of the NS/NA in present day Estonia. The discussion focuses on general trends concerning the NRM and NS/NA in contemporary Estonia, and also on responses from state, society, media, and mainstream religions to the NRM and NS/NA.