Volume 21, Issue 1, 2019
20th Anniversary Edition
Grounding the Good
On Self-Predication, Self-Fulfilling Goals, and Moral Naturalism
I argue that moral goodness is necessarily self-predicating. That is to say, the property of being morally good is morally good. I then argue that reductions of moral goodness to natural properties, particularly utilitarian specifications, are not necessarily self-predicating. Therefore, such reductions are not successful. Finally, I consider the possibility of defining the good as “fulfilling God’s design plan.” I show that, under an Aristotelian construal of property existence this property is provably self-predicating.