Volume 10, Issue 1, 2008
Walter J. Schultz
“No-Risk” Libertarian Freedom
A Refutation of the Free-Will Defense
Free-will defenses and theodicies reason that since God’s purpose in creation requires libertarian free will, God cannot prevent every event which occurs as a consequence of the misuse of freedom. However, given libertarian free will and free-will theistic accounts of God’s purpose in creation, I describe (in terms of a dispositions/powers ontology) how it is logically possible for God to achieve his purposes while preventing moral evil. This, then, is a refutation of the free-will defense and related theodicies that should shift the focus of Christian theorizing from God’s ability to God’s goodness.