The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly

Volume 23, Issue 2, Summer 2023

Recommendations for Revising the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services

John F. Brehany
Pages 211-222

The Ethical and Religious Directives
History, Development, and Revision

The first edition of the Ethical Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services was published in 1948. Since then, it has undergone two major revisions and several smaller ones. The following essay explores the history of the ERDs and the important aspects of these revisions.