Volume 48, Issue 106, Julio/Diciembre 2022

Victor R. Ribeiro de Lima
Pages 231-244

Liberdade e mal em Santo Agostinho

This paper expresses the principles of free will in the thought of the philosopher and bishop of Hippo, St. Augustine, in order to establish the understanding that there is about freedom and evil, since every human creature seeks to be free and good. In order to interpret the concepts of free will and the origin of evil, we will take into consideration these works of Saint Augustine: De libero arbitrio, Confessiones, and De ciuitate Dei; what is presented in the three books about whether sin comes from free will and whether the proof of God’s existence reveals him as the source of all good. In addition to the use of some commentators. In reviewing the texts one can affirm that God is not the author of evil, but the misuse of free will which in itself is a good, and praise God for the universal order, of which free will is a positive component, even if subject to sin. For Augustine, true happiness is found in accepting the Grace of God. The ability to choose, that is, free will, is not free until then. Freedom consists in having the will to return to the good. Free will conditions us to follow God’s will or not. However, only the one who chooses to carry out God’s will with God’s help will be free.