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The Journal of Philosophy

Volume 115, Issue 3, March 2018

Andrew Peet, Eli Pitcovski
Pages 141-157
DOI: 10.5840/jphil201811539

Normal Knowledge: Toward an Explanation-Based Theory of Knowledge

In this paper we argue that knowledge is characteristically safe true belief. We argue that an adequate approach to epistemic luck must not involve indexing to methods of belief formation, but rather to explanations for belief. This shift is problematic for several prominent approaches to the theory of knowledge, including virtue reliabilism and proper functionalism (as normally conceived). The view that knowledge is characteristically safe true belief is better able to accommodate the shift in question.