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The Harvard Review of Philosophy

ONLINE FIRST

published on June 10, 2017

Naomi Zack
DOI: 10.5840/harvardreview2017679

Starting from Injustice
Justice, Applicative Justice, and Injustice Theory

Political philosophers have traditionally focused on justice and regarded equality as an ideal despite its lack of factual support; normative universal human equality is a new, twentieth-century regulative moral construct. The theoretical focus on justice overlooks what most people care about in reality—injustice. In modern democratic society, formal or legal equality now co-exists with real inequality. One reason is that justice is not applied to all groups in society and applicative justice––applying justice to those who don’t now receive it––is a remedy. But injustice theory also includes other forms of injustice such as legal, humanitarian, and injustice without blame or responsibility.