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Faith and Philosophy

Volume 36, Issue 2, April 2019

Joseph Jedwab, John A. Keller
Pages 173-194
DOI: 10.5840/faithphil201951122

Paraphrase and the Doctrine of the Trinity

The Doctrine of the Trinity says that there is one God, that there are three divine Persons, and that each divine Person is God. The Logical Problem of the Trinity is that these claims seem logically inconsistent. We argue that any coherent and orthodox solution to the Logical Problem must use the technique of paraphrase: a logically or metaphysically more perspicuous reformulation. If so, discussions of paraphrase deserve more prominence in the literature on the Doctrine of the Trinity. We also show that such explicit discussion has important implications for theorizing about the Trinity.