Epistemology & Philosophy of Science

Volume 59, Issue 3, 2022

Alina S. ZaykovaOrcid-ID
Pages 98-115

Main Models of the Temporal Structure of Consciousness

The paper considers three main models of temporal consciousness proposed in grappling with the “paradox of temporal awareness”. They are based on the notion that there is a basic element of perception in the form of some “mental frame” or “apparent present” which, while effective for describing some perceptual features, does not fully reflect our phenomenal experience. It is argued that a two-level model based on the separation of the “specious present” and “current present” is best correlated with higher-order theories of consciousness and should act as a basis for further development of the temporal model of consciousness.