Volume 55, Issue 3, 2018
Vladimir P. Filatov
Problems of Cognition in Karl Marx’s Works
200 years have passed since the birth of Karl Marx, a century and a half since the publication of the first volume of “Capital”. The theory of Marx had a great impact on the development of socio-political thought and the course of history, his legacy remains relevant today for philosophy and a whole range of specific sciences. Marx’s ideas were repeatedly reviewed, subjected to reassessment, criticized and refuted, but they resisted all attempts to send them to the intellectual past. The central place in Marx’s works is occupied by a critical analysis of capitalist society, its history and prospects for development. However, Marx made a significant contribution to the theory of knowledge, to the analysis of the social nature of consciousness and knowledge. In this regard, his ideas attracted and continue to attract many researchers today. The article considers the assessments of Marx as a thinker and scientist, his social analysis of science and technology, the influence of his ideas on the development of Russian psychology.