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Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy

Volume 19, Issue 2, Spring 2015

Special Issue: The Ancient Philosophy Society

Jean De Groot
Pages 181-190
DOI: 10.5840/epoche2014123132

Why Epistemology Is Not Ancient
From Device and Drama into Philosophy

This paper traces the significance of first principles (archai) in Greek philosophy to cognitive developments in colonial Greek Italy in the late fifth century BC. Conviction concerning principles comes from the power to make something true by action. Pairing and opposition, the forerunners of metonymy, are shown to structure disparate cultural phenomena—the making of figured numbers, the sundial, and the production, with the aid of device, of fear or panic in the spectators of Greek tragedy. From these starting points, the function of the gnômôn in knowledge is explored.

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