Environmental Philosophy

Volume 5, Issue 1, Spring 2008

Lester Embree
Pages 61-74

A Beginning for the Phenomenological Theory of Primate Ethology

To establish a starting point for a phenomenological theory of the science of primate ethology, this essay first reviews how the phenomenological philosophers Aron Gurwitsch and Maurice Merleau-Ponty made use of the Gestalt psychologist Wolfgang Köhler’s description of chimpanzee consciousness and its objects and then considers primate ethology in light of the theory of the cultural sciences in the work of Gurwitsch in addition to that of Alfred Schutz.