Volume 38, Issue 2, Summer 2016
Environmental Ontology in Deep Ecology and Mahayana Buddhism
Environmental ontology, as formulated by Arne Naess, includes both an “external side,” Ecosophy T and his gestalt framework, and an “internal side” to his project, the “peaceful mind” that accompanies an external transformation of living within a relational community of life. The roots of Ecosophy T are in Spinoza. It may be possible to remedy the shortcomings of Naess’ view by extending his view to connect with key ideas in Mahayana Buddhism, showing that human nature, the process of realization, and gestalt thinking all cooperate together.