Environmental Ethics

Volume 18, Issue 3, Fall 1996

Michael Lockwood
Pages 265-278

End Value, Evaluation, and Natural Systems

I develop a general framework for natural and human values based on the position that end value is constructed by persons, but not wholly referent to them, identify and analyze three hierarchically related levels of end value in relation to the functional values which support them and the held and ascribed values generated by entities possessing teleological value, use this framework to indicate the context in which economic values should be located, and assess the implications of the framework for environmental policy and future valuation work.