Volume 6, Issue 3, Fall 1984
Rita C. Manning
Group and Individual Obligations
The individual motorist often defends his unwillingness to change his driving habits in the face of air pollution by pointing out that a change in his actions would be insignificant. The environmentalist responds by asking what would happen if everyone did change. In this paper I defend the environmentalist’s response. I argue that we can appeal to the following principle to defend both group and individual obligations to clean up air: if the consequences of everyone doing aare undesirable, then each and every one ought to do was he can to prevent the undesirable consequences.