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Dialogue and Universalism

Volume 22, Issue 2, 2012

Civilization and Religion

Piotr Skudrzyk
Pages 89-102

Europeans and Metaphysics

Visions of reality and supernatural powers accompanied man closely throughout his pre-history and recorded history. The role of the higher religions in the history of human civilization is outlined in an appealing theory developed by Arnold J. Toynbee. Toynbee sees the need for a synthesis of today’s higher religions, a synthesis which should take effect in a trans-rationalistic spirit. The author of the article notes that, although there can be no greatness without the awareness of participating in greatness, uniting Europe is making no effort to build a modern metaphysical awareness to support its ambitious plan.

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